What is a phobia?
First, a phobia is defined as an intense and persistent fear of an object, activity or situation. People with a phobia can not lead a normal life although they are aware of the irrationality they suffer. They are located in a specific context which, in itself, does not have the dangerous character perceived by a phobic. The crisis disappears in the absence of the context that triggered it. This fear causes a
bypass line often radical fleeing the source. This causes pain that can interfere with daily and social and professional life.
People phobia sufferers are often of great creators, the reason is the extent of their imagination.
In the most common phobias, there are the animals, the spider, mouse and many insects, birds, snakes, but also the fear of emptiness, of confinement, water, … Fear is not proportionate to the danger, for example, the car kill the mouse but more rarely.
The origin of the phobia
… A child learns to tame fears if the parents themselves have tamed. There are no family transmission of the object of the phobia but rather phobic field itself. As a mother too “incubator” that overprotective her child from an early age will cause an inability to look after himself, and conversely too absent mother causes a lack of benchmarks. We must find a balance
What characterizes the phobia is an uncontrollable anxiety reaction. Unable or do not know on what to base an anxiety has consequences that make the human being the anxiety attached to reality. Be traumatized without knowing what can not last without this must put a serious nature. The phobia of water is actually the anxiety caused by trauma or rather a lived event as traumatic and we moved on the water. Often phobia is rooted in a childhood trauma.
Phobias are the most common forms of the family of anxiety disorders, they represent the most common psychiatric disorders in women and the second for men. A phobia comes from a mixture of innate and acquis. We all have specific fears. As mice have an innate fear of cats, humans have an innate fear of violence, separation, the unknown … Growing up, we will learn to overcome these fears. Unless our environment will not help us, because our parents themselves show of fear, for example, or because we have had a bad experience. Thus the innate fear of dogs can be aggravated and become phobic because you have been bitten by a dog, or because you saw a movie with vicious dogs. In addition, some people have more emotional than others.
The phobia is thus born of the addition of a genetic fear of a character, and one lived.
But can we find only the origin of his phobia? The fear of mice is created following a non-response to an event that we do not remember. Forgetting is not a coincidence, rather it shows a need. The movement on the object of the phobia is the need to go through a symbolic representation in order to maintain some sanity. Indeed, the realm of the unconscious comes in. We can explore it alone, although regain source of a phobia includes resistors that man has put in place to prevent himself.
For psychoanalysts, phobias come mask another anxiety. The phobia is the sudden feeling that no one is there to protect us, it appears to periods of life where our identity is weakened by a major event (pregnancy, mourning , breaking the professional contract, …) The phobia back to a state of fusion and outside time. Psychoanalysis was the first to offer an explanation of the origin of these phobias. Schematically, some shameful impulses normally repressed in the unconscious into the conscious resurgiraient as a “disguised” form: phobias. These fears of objects and situations would be indeed more psychologically acceptable than our unconscious impulses. Currently the psychoanalytic theory of neurosis is no longer used as a single reference model. There would also biological predispositions to these phobias. In addition, the link between confidence and phobia is undeniable. In a dating situation where one feels omnipotent and rooted in real life, the phobia is forgotten because nothing should hinder love. On the contrary, if we underestimate the phobia appears. In addition, becoming an adult is knowing waive the protection of parents, for example. You become phobic by the accumulation of several parameters. Phobias change over time because life is change. Thus a large phobic may prove to be a big hero when it comes time to act.